Carreg Sampson Neolithic Portal Dolmen Burial Chamber, Wales







The History of Carreg Sampson Quoit

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Carreg Sampson is a Neolithic dolmen located on a hill overlooking the picturesque bay of Abercastle in Pembrokeshire, Wales. Constructed about 2500BC Carreg Sampson is typical of the Quoits in this part of Wales. It is a dolmen and most likely a portal burial chamber or tomb which was once covered with rocks and earth and was entered by a single doorway cut into the side of the mound. It has also been suggested though that it might have been part of a chamber tomb which would have been entered through a tunnel lined with stone slabs leading to the centre of the mound.

 

It has an oversize capstone weighing 4.7 metres by 2.7 metres and a meter thick. It is flat underneath and stands on three of the six stones underneath it. The size of the capstones of the quoits in this part of Wales far exceeds their function as the roof of a stone chamber. This has led archaeologists to speculate that they may have been some status symbol for the owners of the chamber or for the builders who might have been one and the same.

 

The precise use of these Neolithic Era stone chambers is not clearly understood. They are assumed to be burial chambers but bones are rarely found in them. As the earthworks that surrounded them has eroded over the last 5000 years then it could be argued that any bones inside them were washed away or taken by animals. Ancestor worship is emerging as an important practise to the Neolithic people of Britain, so maybe the Quoit played a part in a ritual other than just being a burial chamber.

 

Where Is Carreg Sampson?

 

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Coordinates: 51.958386°N 5.132704°W

Coordinates: 51.958386, -5.132704

About a mile along the road from Abercastle to Trefin there is a turn to the right to a farm, Haverfordwest. Follow the farm road and bear right to a gate next to a small Caravan site. Carreg Sampson can be seen in the field ahead off a track overlooking the sea.

 

 

 


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