History of the Neo -Assyrians - Part 2

Ashurnasirpal II Palace At Kalhu (Nimrud).

Circa 883 to 859 BC


Ashurnasirpal II is best known as the Assyrian King who moved his court away from the old Assyrian capital of Assur to Kalhu (present day Nimrud). Kalhu was situated on the eastern bank of the Tigris about 45 miles (70 km ) to the north of Assur. Ashurnasirpal II wrote; “I took over the city of Kalhu in that wisdom of mine. The knowledge of Ayer, the king of the subterranean waters bestowed upon me. I removed the old hill of rubble. I dug down to the water level. I heaped up a new terrace measuring from the water to the upper edge 120 layers of brick. Upon that I erected as my Royal seat and for my personal enjoyments beautiful halls. roofed with box wood, megan ash, cedar, cypress, terabinth, tarpeu and meru beam. I sheathed doors made of cedar, cypress, juniper, box wood and megan ash with bands of bronze. I hung them in their doorways I surrounded them with decorative brass bolts. To proclaim my heroic deeds I painted on there the Palaces walls with vivid blue paint how I have marched across the mountain ranges of foreign countries and the seas. My conquests in all countries I collected and planted in my garden from the countries through which I marched and the mountains which I crossed. The trees and plants raised from seeds wherever I discovered them.” This description depicts a sumptuous Palace that was full of wonders that boasted of the Kings conquests. Ashurnasirpal II built a Place that would show how heroic he had been as a conqueror of foreign lands. It may be that the exotic garden Ashurnasirpal created at his Kalhu Palace could have been the inspiration for the later Hanging Gardens of Babylon.


Ashurnasirpal II completely rebuilt Kalhu by building his Palace there and moving his Royal court from Assur. Ashurnasirpal Place, today known as the northwest Palace was 220 yds (200 m) long and 140 yds (130 m) wide. The city was built on a 900 acre (360 ha) site surrounded by a 5 mile (7.5 km) wall. The Palace was organised around three courtyards, one accommodating the state apartments, another the administrative wing and the last the private quarters where the royal women were housed.


According to the “banquet Stele” erected in the courtyard of Ashurnasirpal's palace at KalhuAshurnasirpal wined, the inaugural celebration were attended by 69,574 people which included 5000 dignitaries from neighbouring countries. Ashurnasirpal wined and dined his guests for 10 days and the menu is still preserved on the stele.They consumed 17,000 sheep and cattle, and over 34,000 ducks, geese and chickens. The main courses were supplemented with Venison, fish and rodents. 10,000 tubs of beers was drunk along with 10,000 skins of wine.


The wealth and splendour of Ashurnasirpal's court demonstrates how rich the Assyrian had become through its conquests.


See Pictures gallery of the Panels from Nimrud with a history.





Nimrud Palace Reconstruction

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Assyrian Pace at Nimrud (Kalhu) - 3D Digital Art

The Metropolitan Museum of Art





Where Was Ancient Kalhu?


Museopics the free museum History


Coordinates: 36°5′53.49″N 43°19′43.57″E

Coordinates: 36.098192, 43.328769





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Assyrian history In the Begining Sam'al Hittite Artefacts Relief Sculptures History of the Old Assyrian Kingdom History of the Middle Assyrian Kingdom History of the Neo-Assyrians History of Assyrian King Ashurnasirpal-II History of Assyrian King Sargon II History of Assyrian King Senacherib & Nineveh History of Assyrian Warefare & Military Army History of Assyrian Warefare & Military Army History of the downfall of the Assyrian Empire History of the Assyrian Palace at Ninevah, Kalha History of the Assyrian Palace at Dur Sharrukin History of the Assyrian Palace at Neneveh