History of The Begining of the Assyrian Kingdom

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The History of Assyri egining

Museopics the free museum History


The Assyrian Empire was the most prominent civilisation of the ancient Middle East prospering for 2000 years from around 2600 BC. Assyria became feared for its ruthless military prowess and the brutality it rained down on its enemies. Assyrian conflicts are graphically depicted in their art which shows mass expulsions and executions of those they beat in battle. The Assyrians are less well known though as the great merchants and diplomats they undoubtedly were. They built a trading network across the Middle East that allowed them to prosper which functioned as efficiently as present day market economies. This is the story of one of the great civilisations that shaped the ancient world.

 

In The Beginning.

 

The name Assyrian is a corruption of the name of their God and founding city namely Aššur (Akkadian), or Ashur. It was first occupied first around 2600-2500BC , and is located on the Tigris River about 100km (62 miles) south of present day Mosul in Iraq.

 

The Assyrians are mentioned in the Book of Genesis verses 10 -12. “And the beginning of his kingdom was Babel, and Erech, and Accede, and Calneh, in the land of Shinar. Out of that land went forth Ashur, and builded Nineveh, and the city Rehoboth, and Calah, and Resen between Nineveh and Calah: the same is a great city.”

 

During the last third of the third millennium BC Assur was ruled by Sardonic Akkadian Kings. Around 2000BC it was for a short time a province of Ur III state after which Assur became independent.

 

Assur became one of the many city states of Mesopotamia in the Fertile Crescent, an area known as the Cradle of Civilisation. To its south were the great centres of civilisation Babylon and Ur from which the Assyrians probably learnt writing. Luckily for historians the Assyrians became fanatical recorders of their history which became almost obsessive in its detail. They produced both Royal annals and lists of their kings. This has allowed scholars to create a chronology of their history and to make detailed analysis of their kings lives. The Assyrians were not great daters of their documents which has given scholars a lot of problems. Also the Assyrians did not see history as we do today, which is based on an anecdotal chronological approach to history developed by the ancient Greeks. The Assyrians believed that mortal failures were the result of not following the divine law of their God Assur and wrote their history accordingly. This means that even though there is a lot of information on clay tablets, the final dissemination of that information requires great scholarship and is open to great debate.

 

Academics believe that the cuneiform Akkadian clay tablets written by the Assyrian Kings which detailed their conquests in graphic detail along with accounts of their lion hunts, may have been written as letters to their Gods to help the Kings connect them with their deities. Assyrian Kings were not considered to be Gods but were considered to be intermediaries that could connect to the Gods and receive divine rulings passed down from the Gods.

 

Because the Assyrian civilisation has such a long history, academics have divided it into the Old Assyrian, the Middle Assyrian and the Neo-Assyrian periods.

 

 

 

Where Was Ancient Assyria?

 

Museopics the free museum History

 

Museopics the free museum History

 


Related MuseoPics Pages

Museopics the free online historical museum links to resources

 

Assyrian history In the Begining Sam'al Hittite Artefacts Relief Sculptures History of the Old Assyrian Kingdom History of the Middle Assyrian Kingdom History of the Neo-Assyrians History of Assyrian King Ashurnasirpal-II History of Assyrian King Sargon II History of Assyrian King Senacherib & Nineveh History of Assyrian Warefare & Military Army History of Assyrian Warefare & Military Army History of the downfall of the Assyrian Empire History of the Assyrian Palace at Ninevah, Kalha History of the Assyrian Palace at Dur Sharrukin History of the Assyrian Palace at Neneveh

 

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