Hittite History - The Lost Empire - How The Hitties Were Found

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The History of The Hittites

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The Battle of Kadesh

One of the few clues that hinted at the existence of another super power in the Ancient Middle East was a depiction on Rameses II tomb referring to a battle at Kardesh in which he beat a peoples called the Hittites. Until the tablets at Hattusa were uncovered and then deciphered the truth of what happened at the battle of Kadesh remained buried for 3000 years.

 

For the battle of kadesh Ramesses mustered the largest army in Egyptian history to fight against the 47,000 strong Hittite army of Prince Hattusili. Ramesses had the greater army but in the ensuing battle the Hittites unveiled a new super weapon that would give them a vital edge.

 

The Hittites had modified their chariots. They had moved the wheel axial forward from the back to the centre of the chariot. This simple modification made the chariot stronger which allowed it to be built bigger so accommodating three men instead of two. This gave the chariot more fire power and weight with devastating results that revolutionised ancient warfare.

 

Picture & image of a Neo-Hittite orthostat with a chariot Releif sculpture from Karkamis,, Turkey. Museum of Anatolian Civilisations, Ankara. The Cahiot is pulled by horses with plumed headresses. One man os about to shoot an arrow from his bow, the other man is driving the cahriot. Below the horse is a animal cowering.
Picture & image of a Neo-Hittite orthostat with a chariot Releif sculpture from Karkamis,, Turkey. Museum of Anatolian Civilisations, Ankara. The Cahiot is pulled by horses with plumed headresses. One man os about to shoot an arrow from his bow, the other man is driving the cahriot. Below the horse is a animal cowering.. Photography by ©

 

 

In 1274BC the Battle of Kadesh took place and was the greatest battle the world has ever seen. The Hittites super chariots allowed them to execute new battle tactics. Thousands of Hittite chariots led an initial charge against the Egyptians which penetrated deep into their front line causing mayhem amongst the Egyptian soldiers. This first wave of attack left the Egyptians exposed to an ordered attack by the Hittite foot soldiers and the result has become a matter of academic debate.

 

Until recently it was believed that the Battle of Kadesh was won by Ramesses the Great because hieroglyphic proclamations of his victory were found in Luxor Temple. Tablets excavated at Hattusa though have revealed how Prince Hattusili, the uncle of the Hittite King Mursili III ( also known as Urhi-Teshub), beat the Egyptians making the Hittites the greatest empire of the ancient world at the time. Why believe the Hittite tablet rather than the Egyptian hieroglyphs. Ramesses is well known for being a great self publicist and the last thing a Great King wants to admit is defeat. The tablets from Hattusa came from the Royal library and were not for public consumption so were not part of any PR exercise, so why would they be lies?

 

In only a few hundred years the Hittites had created a great Empire through the efforts of a united brotherhood and their ambitions to rule the ancient world had been fulfilled. After the battle of Kadesh the Hittites were set to reign as one of the greatest super powers of the Ancient World and yet within decades they disappeared from history. But why?

 

http://funkystock.photoshelter.com/gallery-image/Carchemish-or-Karkemish-Hittite-Relief-Sculpture-Art-Art/G00000G7R8kKljFw/I0000Cj_WpcxqRaQ/C0000NUBSMhSc3Oo
Picture & Image of Neo-Hittite orthostat describing the legend of Gilgamesh from Karkamis,, Turkey. Museum of Anatolian Civilisations, Ankara. To the left a bearded deity with a horned helmet is holding a lions back leg and is about to strike it with an axe. To the right a man is stabbing the lion with a dagger.. Photography by ©

 

 

 



 


Related MuseoPics Hittite Pages

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Hittite Artefacts Relief Sculptures Hittite History - The Begining Breaking Hittite Cuneiform Code Hittites Battle of Kadesh Fall of Hittite Empire Sam'al Hittite Artefacts Relief Sculptures Charchamis Hittite Artefacts Relief Sculptures Yazilikaya Hittite Artefacts Relief Sculptures. Asalepte Hittite Artefacts Relief Sculptures Coba Huyuk Hittite Artefacts Relief Sculptures Alaca Huyuk Hittite Artefacts Relief Sculptures Hittite Heiroglyphic Relief Sculptures Hittite Heiroglyphic Relief Sculptures

 

 

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